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[231 PA. CODE CHS. 1300, 2950 AND 3000]

Amendment of Rules of Civil Procedure Governing Judgment Liens and Revival of Judgment Liens; No. 403 Civil Procedural Rules; Doc. No. 5

[34 Pa.B. 22]

Order

Per Curiam:

   And Now, 19th day of December, 2003, the Pennsylvania Rules of Civil Procedure are amended as follows:

   1.  Rules 3028 and 3049 are rescinded.

   2.  Rules 1307, 2963, 3002, 3025, 3026, 3027, 3029 note, 3030, 3031 note, 3032, 3033, 3034, 3048, 3101, 3104 and 3251 are amended to read as follows.

   3.  New Rules 3020, 3021, 3022, 3023, 3025.1, 3026.1, 3026.2, 3026.3, 3028, 3031.1, 3049.1, and 3101.1 are promulgated to read as follows.

   With respect to liens upon real property created or continued prior to the effective date, the rules and amendments to rules promulgated by this Order shall not govern (1) the procedures by which the liens were created or continued, (2) the creation of the liens, (3) the time of creation of the liens, or (4) the priority of the liens.

   This Order shall be processed in accordance with Pa.R.J.A. 103(b) and shall be effective July 1, 2004.

Annex A

TITLE 231.  RULES OF CIVIL PROCEDURE

PART I.  GENERAL

CHAPTER 1300.  COMPULSORY ARBITRATION

Subchapter A.  RULES

Rule 1307. Award. Docketing. Notice. Lien. Judgment. Molding the Award.

   (a)  The prothonotary shall

   (1)  enter the award of record

*      *      *      *      *

   (B)  when the award is for the payment of money, in the judgment index;

   Official Note:  Rule 3021 governs the requirements for the entry in the judgment index.

*      *      *      *      *

   (b)  The award for the payment of money when entered in the judgment index shall create a lien [upon the party's real estate, which] on real property located within the county, title to which is recorded in the name of the person against whom the award was entered. The lien shall continue during the pendency of an appeal or until extinguished according to law.

   [Official Note:  Subdivision (b) continues the practice under the Act of June 16, 1836, P. L. 715, 5 P. S. § 54, repealed by the Judiciary Act Repealer Act of 1978 (JARA), 42 P. S. § 20002(a)(149).]

   (c)  If no appeal is taken within thirty days after the entry of the award on the docket, the prothonotary on praecipe shall enter judgment on the award.

   [Official Note:  Subdivision (c) continues the practice under the Act of June 16, 1836, P. L. 715, 5 P. S. § 58, repealed by JARA, and under superseded Rule 247.1.]

*      *      *      *      *

CHAPTER 2950. CONFESSION OF JUDGMENT FOR MONEY

Rule 2963.  Praecipe for Writ of Execution. Certification. Form.

   The praecipe for a writ of execution upon a confessed judgment shall be substantially in the following form:

(Caption)

PRAECIPE FOR WRIT OF EXECUTION UPON A
CONFESSED JUDGMENT

   To the Prothonotary:

   Issue a writ of execution upon a judgment entered by confession in the above matter,

*      *      *      *      *

   (4)  and [index] enter this writ in the judgment index

*      *      *      *      *

   Official Note:

*      *      *      *      *

   Paragraph (4)(a) should be completed only if [indexing] entry of the execution in the county of issuance is desired as authorized by Rule 3104(a). When the writ issues to another county [indexing] entry is required as of course in that county by the prothonotary. See Rule 3104(b).

   Paragraph (4)(b) should be completed only if real property in the name of a garnishee is attached and [indexing] entry as a lis pendens is desired. See Rule 3104(c).

*      *      *      *      *

CHAPTER 3000. JUDGMENTS

Subchapter A. TRANSFER OF JUDGMENTS TO OTHER COUNTIES

Rule 3002. Transfer to another county.

*      *      *      *      *

   (b)  The prothonotary of the court to which a judgment is transferred shall forthwith enter it in the appropriate docket and in the judgment index [it] against the defendant.

*      *      *      *      *

Rule 3020. Definition.

   As used in this chapter, ''judgment'' means a judgment, order or decree requiring the payment of money entered in any court which is subject to these rules, including a final or interlocutory order for payment of costs, except a judgment against the Commonwealth or a political subdivision.

   Official Note:  Political subdivision includes a municipal or other local authority. See Definition Rule 76.

Rule 3021. Verdict. Order. Judgment. Entry in Judgment Index.

   (a)  The prothonotary shall immediately enter in the judgment index

   (1)  a verdict or order for a specific sum of money with the notation ''verdict'' or ''order.'' The entry shall state the amount of the verdict or order;

   Official Note:  See also Rule 1307(a) governing the entry by the prothonotary of an award in compulsory arbitration and Rule 3027(a) governing the entry of a writ of revival.

   (2)  an order for equitable relief, interlocutory or final; and

   (3)  a judgment, whether entered by the court, on order of court or on praecipe of a party. The entry shall state the amount of the judgment if for a sum certain.

   Official Note:  Section 8142(e) of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. §  8142(e), requires the prothonotary to ''note on the dockets in such office where each verdict, judgment, order, instrument or writ creating a lien against real property is entered, the time it was recorded, rendered, left for filing, or issued.''

   The rule presumes a channel of communication between the court and prothonotary so that the prothonotary may ''immediately'' docket a judgment entered by the court.

   (b)  In all cases, the entry in the judgment index shall state the names of the parties, the number of the case, and the date and time of entry in the judgment index.

Rule 3022. Verdict or Order. Lien. Duration.

   (a)  A verdict or order for a specific sum of money when entered in the judgment index shall create a lien on real property located within the county, title to which at the time of entry is recorded in the name of the person against whom the verdict or order was rendered. The lien shall continue for five years unless the verdict is sooner reduced to judgment or the court sooner awards a new trial or enters a judgment notwithstanding the verdict.

   Official Note:  An order is defined by Section 102 of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. § 102, to include, inter alia, a decision, a decree and an adjudication.

   Section 8142(b) of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. § 8142(b), provides for the endorsement of time on recorded verdicts.

   An award of arbitrators in compulsory arbitration is a lien as provided by Rule 1307(b).

   ''Overdue support obligations of this or any other state which are on record at the county domestic relations section shall constitute a lien by operation of law against all real property owned by the obligor within the county as provided in subsection (d.1).'' See Section 4352(d) of the Domestic Relations Code, 23 Pa.C.S. § 4352(d).

   (b)(1)  Except as provided by paragraph (2), the lien of a verdict or order for a specific sum of money shall have the priority prescribed by Section 8141 of the Judicial Code from the time the verdict or order is entered in the judgment index.

   (2)  Paragraph (1) shall not affect the priority of the lien of a verdict or order for a specific sum of money created prior to the effective date of this rule.

   Official Note:  The effective date of this rule was  ______ .

   For the priority of the lien of a verdict or order governed by subdivision (b)(2), see Section 8141 of the Judicial Code.

   (3)  Section 8141(3) of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. § 8141(3), is suspended in accordance with Article V, Section 10(c) of the Constitution of 1968 and Section 1722(b) of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. § 1722(b), insofar as it is inconsistent with this rule.

   Official Note:  Section 8141(3) of the Judicial Code provides that the lien of a verdict for a specific sum of money shall have priority from the time it is recorded by the court.

Rule 3023. Judgment. Lien. Duration.

   (a)  Except as provided by subdivision (b), a judgment when entered in the judgment index shall create a lien on real property located in the county, title to which at the time of entry is recorded in the name of the person against whom the judgment is entered.

   Official Note:  See Rule 3001 et seq. for the transfer of a judgment to another county.

   See Rule 3027 for the lien of the writ of revival or of the agreement to revive and Rule 3031.1 for the lien of a judgment of revival.

   (b)  A judgment upon a verdict, an order or an award in compulsory arbitration, when entered in the judgment index, shall

   (1)  continue the lien upon real property located in the county which is subject to the lien of the verdict, order or award upon which the judgment is entered, and

   Official Note:  The lien of a verdict or order dates from the time the verdict or order is entered in the judgment index. See Rule 3022(a).

   The lien of an award in compulsory arbitration dates from entry of the award in the judgment index. See Rule 1307(b).

   (2)  create a lien upon all other real property located in the county, title to which at the time of entry in the judgment index is recorded in the name of the person against whom the judgment is entered.

   (c)  The lien shall continue for five years from the date the judgment was entered in the judgment index unless the judgment is sooner discharged or the lien is sooner revived.

   Official Note:  A judgment lien may be revived in the manner provided by Rule 3025 et seq.

Subchapter B. REVIVAL OF [JUDGMENTS] JUDGEMENT LIENS

Rule 3025. Commencement of proceedings. Venue.

   A proceeding to revive [and continue] which continues or creates the lien of a judgment may be commenced by filing with the prothonotary of the county in which the judgment has been entered

   (1)  a praecipe for a writ of revival [in] substantially in the form provided by Rule [3033] 3032, or

   (2)  an agreement to revive [judgment in] substantially in the form provided by Rule 3034.

   Official Note:  [For the substantive law governing the revival of judgments against defendants and terre tenants see the Judgment Lien Law of 1947, 12 P. S. 877 et seq.

   The Acts approved September 26, 1951, P. L. 1505, 12 P. S. 885, as amended, and May 16, 1923, P. L. 207, as amended, 53 P. S. 7183, providing additional methods of revival of judgments in favor of the Commonwealth and for municipal and tax claims by the filing of suggestion of nonpayment remain unsuspended by these rules.

   The Act approved April 22, 1909, P. L. 112, 12 P. S. 875, providing for consolidation and revival of separate judgments against the same defendant remains unsuspended by these rules.]

   Section 5526(1) of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. § 5526(1), requires that an action for revival of a judgment lien on real property must be commenced within five years. See also Section 605 of the Goods and Services Installment Sales Act, 69 P. S. § 1605(b), requiring that a proceeding for revival of a judgment lien subject to the Act and entered by confession be commenced within one year from the lapse of the lien.

   The revival of a judgment lien pursuant to the Commercial Real Estate Broker Lien Act is governed by these rules. See 68 P. S. § 1062.

   A lien arising from an overdue support obligation retains its priority ''without renewal or revival.'' See Section 4352(d.1)(5)(ii) of the Domestic Relations Code, 23 Pa.C.S. § 4352(d.1)(5)(ii).

   The following statutes provide for revival or continuation of liens by filing with the prothonotary a suggestion of nonpayment and an averment of default:

   Section 9 of the Act of May 16, 1923, P. L. 207, as amended, 53 P. S. § 7143 relating to municipal claims for taxes, water rents or rates, lighting rates, power rates and sewer rates.

   Section 15 of the Act of May 16, 1923, P. L. 207, as amended, 53 P. S. § 7183, providing for continuation of liens on municipal and tax claims;

   Section 1404 of the Act of April 9, 1929, P. L. 343, as amended, 72 P. S. § 1404, providing for revival of liens for state taxes, unpaid bonus, interest and penalties;

   See also statutory provisions relating to revival of municipal claims and liens, 53 P. S. § 7391 et seq.

   Tax liens required to be filed by the Department of Revenue continue without the necessity of revival. See the Act of April 9, 1929, P. L. 343, No. 176, § 1404.1, added by Section 5 of the Act of December 12, 1994, P. L. 1015, No. 138, 72 P. S. § 1404.1.

Rule 3025.1. Consolidation of Judgments.

   (a)  A judgment creditor who holds two or more judgments entered against the same person in the same county may consolidate the judgments by filing

   (1)  a single praecipe requesting the issuance of a single consolidated writ of revival, or

   (2)  an agreement to enter a consolidated judgment and revive the lien thereof.

   (b)  The praecipe or the agreement shall contain the court, docket number and amount claimed to be due on each judgment being consolidated.

   (c)  The consolidated judgment shall be entered as of the docket number of one of the judgments being consolidated and shall include the amounts due on all the consolidated judgments.

   (d)  The court and docket number of the consolidated judgment shall be noted on the docket of each original judgment substantially as follows: ''Consolidated as part of the consolidated judgment entered at Docket No. ____ of the Court of Common Pleas of _____ County.''

   Official Note:  Consolidation does not affect the lien priority of each judgment consolidated.

Rule 3026. Parties. Generally.

   (a)  The [plaintiff shall name in the] caption shall contain the name of the original defendant and any terre-tenant against whom [he] the plaintiff seeks to revive [and continue] the lien of the judgment.

   Official Note:  The terms ''plaintiff'' and ''defendant'' as used in the rules governing judgment liens and revival of judgments refer generally to the judgment creditor and judgment debtor, respectively. Thus, a defendant who holds a judgment against the plaintiff on a counterclaim would be a plaintiff for the purpose of these rules. See also Definition Rule 3101(a).

   (b)  If the judgment has been assigned or transferred, the caption shall contain the name of the original judgment plaintiff and the name of the real party in interest.

   Official Note:  [For the effect of failure to name a defendant or terre tenant, see § 3 of the Judgment Lien Law of 1947, 12 P. S. 879.] See Rule 3026.2 governing terre-tenants as parties and Rule 3026.3 governing revival against a terre-tenant.

   As to joinder of personal representatives of a deceased defendant, see Section 3382 of the Probate, Estates and Fiduciaries Code, [Act of June 30, 1972, P. L. 508, No. 164, § 3382,] 20 Pa.C.S. § 3382.

Rule 3026.1. Parties. Joint Defendants.

   (a)  Except as provided by subdivision (b), if there is a judgment against two or more joint defendants, no revival of the lien of the judgment shall be effective against any of such defendants unless all joint defendants are made parties to the revival proceedings.

   (b)  If all or fewer than all joint defendants agree to be bound, the revival shall be effective against all of the defendants so agreeing.

   Official Note:  This rule does not apply where defendants are jointly and severally liable or severally liable only.

Rule 3026.2. Parties. Terre-Tenants.

   (a)  As used in Rule 3025 et seq., a terre-tenant is a person other than the original defendant in whom title to real property subject to a lien provided by the Rules of Civil Procedure has vested.

   Official Note:  The rules governing the action of mortgage foreclosure use the term ''real owner'' in a similar sense. See Rule 1144(a)(3).

   See the following rules of civil procedure providing for liens upon real property: Rule 1307(b) (lien of an award in compulsory arbitration), Rule 3022 (lien of a verdict or order), Rule 3023 (lien of a judgment), Rule 3027 (lien of a writ of revival or an agreement to revive), Rule 3131.1 (lien of a judgment of revival) and Rule 3104 (lien of a writ of execution).

   (b)  The term ''terre-tenant'' shall not include

   (1)  any person claiming under or whose claim of title passes through a deed which is not recorded in the county where the real property is located, or

   (2)  any person claiming under or through a deceased defendant or terre-tenant whose will has not been filed with, or letters of administration on whose estate have not been issued by, the register of wills or orphans' court of such county.

   (c)  Any person claiming under or through a deceased defendant or a deceased terre-tenant, who was not a resident of the county at the time of death, may qualify as a terre-tenant under this rule by recording in the office of the recorder of deeds of the county where the real property is located,

   (1)  a certified copy of the will of the decedent, or,

   (2)  if the decedent died intestate, a declaration of interest accompanied by a certificate of the register of wills or probate court or officer of the county, state or country in which the decedent resided at the time of death that letters of administration have been issued in the estate of the decedent.

Rule 3026.3. Revival of Lien of Judgment as to Property of Terre-Tenant.

   (a)  Except as provided by subdivision (b), if an interest in real property subject to a lien of a judgment has been acquired by a terre-tenant, then the lien of the judgment on the property shall be revived only if the terre-tenant within the five-year period of Rule 3023(c) or Rule 3031.1(a) joins in an agreement to revive or is made a party to the writ of revival.

   Official Note:  The revival of a judgment lien continues or creates a lien upon real property. See Rule 3025.

   (b)  If a writ of revival or an agreement to revive is entered in the judgment index against the defendant at a time when a terre-tenant's deed or other evidence of title is of record, but without the joinder of the terre-tenant, the lien of the judgment may be revived as to the terre-tenant within five years after the recording of the terre-tenant's deed or other evidence of title by (1) agreement between the plaintiff and the terre-tenant alone or between the plaintiff, defendant and terre-tenant, or (2) a writ of revival issued against the terre-tenant alone, or against the defendant and terre-tenant jointly. The lien shall continue as to the terre-tenant for the same period as it continues against the defendant, when it must be revived against both parties.

   Official Note:  The mere recording of a terre-tenant's deed or other evidence of title is ineffective to revive a lien as to any part of the property acquired by a terre-tenant without specific revival by agreement or by writ.

   For the effect of a judgment of revival against a terre-tenant, see Rules 3027(b)(3) and 3031.1(b).

*      *      *      *      *

Rule 3027. Writ of Revival. [Indexing.] Entry. Lien.

   (a)  Upon issuance of the writ of revival or the filing of an agreement [for a judgment of revival] to revive, the prothonotary shall [index] enter it in the judgment index against each defendant and terre-tenant named therein.

*      *      *      *      *

   (b)  [The writ when indexed shall be a lien upon all real property within the county which at the time of indexing is owned by the defendant against whom the original judgment is entered.] The writ or agreement, when entered in the judgment index, shall

   (1)  continue the lien upon real property located in the county which is subject to the lien of the judgment which is sought to be revived,

   (2)  create a lien upon all other real property located in the county, title to which at the time of entry in the judgment index is recorded in the name of the defendant, and

   Official Note:  The lien attaches whether or not the real property was owned by the defendant at the time the original judgment was [indexed] entered in the judgment index or the lien of the judgment was previously revived and whether or not the lien of the judgment had been lost as to the property.

   The priority of the lien is preserved only if the praecipe or the agreement is filed within the five-year period prescribed by these rules.

   (3)  create a lien upon all other real property located in the county, title to which at the time of entry in the judgment index is recorded in the name of a terre-tenant, and which was subject to the lien of the judgment sought to be revived but the lien lapsed prior to the entry of the writ or agreement in the judgment index.

   (c)  The lien of a writ of revival or of an agreement to revive shall continue for a period of five years from the date on which the writ or agreement was [indexed] entered in the judgment index.

Rule 3028. Service of the Writ.

   (a)  The writ shall be served within ninety days after its issuance by the sheriff by handing a copy in the manner provided by Rule 402 or by mailing a copy in the manner provided by Rule 403.

   (b)  If service cannot be made as provided by subdivision (a), then service may be made

   (1)  in the manner prescribed by order of court pursuant to Rule 430(a), or

   Official Note:  For example, where the Postal Service shows a good address and mail service under subdivision (a) is returned unclaimed, the court pursuant to Rule 430 may permit service by regular mail.

   (2)  by publication in the manner prescribed by Rule 430(b) upon the filing of an affidavit showing reasonable efforts to make service pursuant to subdivision (a) and the reasons why such service could not be made.

   Official Note:   A special order of court under Rule 430(a) is not a prerequisite to service by publication under this rule.

Rule 3029. Reissuance and substitution of writ.

   The writ may be reissued or substituted as in a civil action.

   Official Note:  See Rule [1010] 401(b) governing reissuance and substitution of a writ of summons.

Rule 3030. Pleadings. Further Proceedings. Continuance of Lien.

*      *      *      *      *

   (c)  If judgment cannot be entered on the writ within a period of five years after the [indexing] entry of the writ in the judgment index because of the further proceedings, the court before which the further proceedings are pending may enter an order continuing the lien of the writ for a period not exceeding five years. The order shall become effective when [indexed] entered in the judgment index.

Rule 3031. Judgment upon Default or Admission. Assessment of Damages.

   (a)  The prothonotary, on praecipe of the plaintiff, shall enter judgment against a defendant or terre-tenant for failure within the required time to plead to the writ or for any relief admitted to be due by the defendant's or terre-tenant's pleading. The prothonotary shall assess damages as directed in the praecipe for judgment.

   Official Note:  See the Soldiers' and Sailors' Civil Relief Act, 50 U.S.C. App. § 520 requiring an affidavit setting forth facts showing that the defendant is not in military service as a prerequisite to the entry of a default judgment.

   See Rule 237.1 et seq. which requires a ten-day notice as a prerequisite to the entry of a default judgment.

*      *      *      *      *

Rule 3031.1. Judgment of Revival. Lien.

   (a)  A judgment of revival when entered in the judgment index shall continue or create a lien as provided by Rule 3027(b) governing the lien of a writ of revival. The lien shall continue for five years from the date the judgment was entered in the judgment index unless the judgment is sooner discharged or the lien is sooner revived.

   (b)  If an interest in real property subject to the lien of a judgment has been acquired by a terre-tenant, a judgment of revival entered against the terre-tenant shall not be a personal judgment against the terre-tenant and shall not extend to any other property of the terre-tenant.

Subchapter C.  FORMS

Rule 3032. Praecipe for writ of revival. Form.

   The praecipe for writ of revival shall be substantially in the following form:

(Caption)

PRAECIPE FOR WRIT OF REVIVAL

   To the Prothonotary:

   Issue writ of revival of lien of judgment entered [to] at
_________________ and [index] enter it in the judgment index against
(Court, [Term,] Number)
_________________
(Name of Defendant(s))
 and _________________
(Name of Terre-Tenant(s))
in the amount of $ ______ with interest from ______ .

_________________
Attorney for Plaintiff      

   Official Note:  For the definition of terre-tenant [and the substantive effect of omission of a defendant, a joint defendant, or a terre tenant], see [the Judgment Lien Law of 1947, 12 P. S. 877 et seq. ] Rule 3026.2.

Rule 3033. Writ of revival. Form.

   The writ of revival shall be substantially in the following form:

(Caption)

WRIT OF REVIVAL

   TO _________________ :
               (Name of Defendant(s) and Terre-Tenant(s))

   (1)  You are notified that the plaintiff has commenced a proceeding to revive [and continue] the lien of the judgment entered [to] at
_________________ .
(Court, [Term,] Number)

*      *      *      *      *

   (3)  You are required within twenty (20) days after service of this writ to file an answer or otherwise plead to this writ. If you fail to do so judgment of revival [will] in the amount claimed by the plaintiff may be entered without a hearing and you may lose your property or other important rights.

YOU SHOULD TAKE THIS PAPER TO YOUR LAWYER AT ONCE. IF YOU DO NOT HAVE A LAWYER, GO TO OR TELEPHONE THE OFFICE SET FORTH BELOW. THIS OFFICE CAN PROVIDE YOU WITH INFORMATION ABOUT HIRING A LAWYER.

IF YOU CANNOT AFFORD TO HIRE A LAWYER, THIS OFFICE MAY BE ABLE TO PROVIDE YOU WITH INFORMATION ABOUT AGENCIES THAT MAY OFFER LEGAL SERVICES TO ELIGIBLE PERSONS AT A REDUCED FEE OR NO FEE.

_________________
(Name of Office)

_________________
(Address of Office)

_________________
(Telephone Number)

Date:  ____________
(Name of Prothonotary (Clerk))
By ______
(Deputy)

   Official Note:  For definition of terre-tenant, see [§ 3(d) of the Judgment Lien Law of 1947, 12 P. S. 879(d)] Rule 3026.2.

Rule 3034. Agreement to revive. Form.

   The agreement to revive shall be substantially in the following form:

(Caption)

AGREEMENT TO REVIVE

   The undersigned hereby agree(s) that the lien of the judgment entered on [19 __ to]
_________________
Date
at _________________ be revived and
         (Court, [Term,] Number)
[the lien continued and] authorize(s) the prothonotary to enter [and] in the judgment index a judgment of revival in the amount of $ ______ plus costs.

   Signed and dated [this ____ day of ______  19 ______, ] ______ :

_________________
(Defendants(s))

_________________
(Terre-Tenant(s))

   Official Note: [For the substantive effect of omission of a defendant, a joint defendant or a terre tenant see the Judgment Lien Law of 1947. See Rule 3025.1(b) for additional requirements when there is an agreement to consolidate two or more judgments against the same person and revive the lien thereof.

Rule 3048.  Acts of Assembly not suspended.

   The Rules governing the Revival of Judgment Liens shall not be deemed to suspend or affect:

   (1)  [Section 1 of the Act approved April 22, 1909, P. L. 112, 12 P. S. 875.] Section 9 of the Act of May 16, 1923, P. L. 207, as amended, 53 P. S. § 7143;

   Official Note:  This Section provides for [consolidation and revival of separate judgments against the same person in one proceeding] revival of municipal claims for taxes, water rents or rates, lighting rates, power rates and sewer rates.

   (2)  Section 15 of the Act approved May 16, 1923, P. L. 207, as [last] amended [June 7, 1961, P. L. 263], 53 P. S. §  7183 insofar as it authorizes revival of municipal claims by suggestion of nonpayment and averment of default[.];

   (3)  Section 1404 of the Fiscal Code of April 9, 1929, P. L. 343 as [last] amended [by Act No. 296 approved August 7, 1963], 72 P. S. §  1404[.];

*      *      *      *      *

   (4)  [The Act approved September 26, 1951, P. L. 1505, as last amended May 3, 1956, P. L. (1955) 1528, 12 P. S. 885.] Section 1404.1 of the Act of April 9, 1929, P. L. 343, No. 176, added by Section 5 of the Act of December 12, 1994, P. L. 1015, No. 138, 72 P. S. § 1404.1;

   Official Note:  [This Act provides for revival of judgment in favor of the Commonwealth by filing and notice of suggestion of nonpayment.] This Section provides that tax liens required to be filed by the Department of Revenue are continued without the necessity of revival.

   (5)  [AND all other Acts or parts of Acts authorizing special procedures for the Revival of Judgments in favor of the Commonwealth or political subdivisions.] Section 605 of the Act of October 28, 1966, Special Session No. 1, P. L. 55, known as the Goods and Services Installment Sales Act, added by Section 6 of the Act of March 25, 1982, P. L. 199, No. 68, 69 P. S. § 1605;

   Official Note:  This section requires that a proceeding for revival of a judgment entered by confession, which is subject to the Act, be commenced within one year from the lapse of the lien.

   (6)  Section 3382 of the Probate, Estates and Fiduciaries Code, 20 Pa.C.S. § 3382;

   Official Note:  Section 3382 provides for the joinder of the personal representative of a decedent as a defendant and for the continuation of the lien on a decedent's real estate.

   (7)  Section 4352(d) and (d.1) of the Domestic Relations Code, 23 Pa.C.S. § 4352(d) and (d.1);

   Official Note:  Section 4352(d) imposes a lien upon real property for overdue support and Section 4352(d.1) provides for the lien to retain its priority without renewal or revival.

   (8)  Section 5526(1) of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. § 5526(1);

   Official Note:  This section requires that an action for revival of a judgment lien must be commenced within five years.

   (9)  And all other Acts or parts of Acts authorizing special procedures for the revival of judgment liens in favor of the Commonwealth or political subdivisions.

Rule 3049.  [Acts of Assembly suspended] (Rescinded).

   Official Note:  The statutory provisions governing revival of judgment liens previously suspended by Rule 3049 have been repealed.

Rule 3049.1.  Abolition of Practice and Procedure Under Repealed Statutes.

   The practice and procedure provided in the following Acts of Assembly which have been repealed by the Judiciary Act Repealer Act (JARA), Act of April 28, 1978, No. 53, are hereby abolished and shall not continue as part of the common law of the Commonwealth:

   (1)  Sections 1 and 2 of the Act of March 23, 1877, P. L. 34, 12 P. S. §§  861, 862.

   Official Note:  The Act of 1877 relating to lien of verdict was repealed by Section 2(a) of JARA, 42 P. S. § 20002(a).

   (2)  Section 1 of the Act of April 22, 1909, P. L. 112, 12 P. S. § 875.

   Official Note:  The Act of 1909 relating to consolidation of judgments by scire facias was repealed by Section 2(a) of JARA, 42 P. S. § 20002(a).

   (3)  Sections 2 through 7 inclusive of the Act of July 3, 1947, P. L. 1234, No. 504, known as the Judgment Lien Law, 12 P. S. §§ 878 through 883.

   Official Note:  The Judgment Lien Law was repealed by Section 2(a) of JARA, 42 Pa.C.S. § 20002(a). The repealed sections concerned the property subject to lien and duration of lien (§ 2), the manner of reviving lien and duration of revived lien (§ 3), scire facias as lien (§ 4), revival of lien against person in armed forces (§ 5), service of scire facias; and judgment on return of nihil habet (§ 6), and property subject to execution, lien of execution and execution after five years (§ 7).

Subchapter D. ENFORCEMENT OF MONEY JUDGMENTS FOR THE PAYMENT OF MONEY

Rule 3101. Definitions; garnishee.

   (a)  As used in this chapter

''judgment'' means a judgment, order, or decree requiring the payment of money entered in any court which is subject to these rules, including a final or interlocutory order for payment of costs, except a judgment against the Commonwealth[,] or a political subdivision [or a public authority];

   Official Note:

*      *      *      *      *

   Political subdivision includes a municipal or other local authority. See Definition Rule 76.

*      *      *      *      *

Rule 3101.1.  Property Subject to Execution. Execution Within and After Five Years.

   (a)(1)  Execution may issue within five years after entry of the judgment sought to be enforced or any judgment of revival or agreement to revive, against

   (i)  real property which is subject to the lien of the judgment, and

   (ii)  real property, title to which at the time of the entry of the writ of execution in the judgment index is recorded in the name of the person against whom the judgment is entered.

   (2)  If more than five years have expired since the entry of the judgment or of the last preceding judgment of revival or agreement to revive, no execution against real property may issue until a writ of revival shall have issued and been reduced to judgment or an agreement to revive entered. The execution shall issue on the judgment or agreement so entered and not on the original judgment.

   (b)  Execution may issue against personal property within the time allowed by law.

   Official Note:  Subdivisions (a)(1) and (2) continue the practice under Section 7 of the Act of July 3, 1947, P. L. 1234, 12 P. S. § 883 (repealed) relating to property subject to execution and execution after five years.

   For the applicable law under subdivision (b), see Section 5529(a) of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. § 5529(a) (twenty-year limitation to issue execution upon personal property). See also Shearer v. Naftzinger, 747 A.2d 859 (Pa. 2000).

   A proceeding to revive a judgment lien is not relevant to an execution upon personal property.

Rule 3104. [Indexing] Writ of Execution. Entry. Lien.

   (a)(1)  When issuing the writ, the prothonotary [issues the writ he shall, upon praecipe of the plaintiff, index] shall enter it against the defendant in the judgment index. The writ, when entered, shall

   (i)  continue the lien upon real property which is then subject to the lien of the judgment, and

   (ii)  create a lien on real property acquired by the defendant subsequent to the entry of the judgment, located in the county, title to which at the time of entry of the writ is recorded in the name of the defendant.

   Official Note:  As to the effect of [indexing see] entry of the writ, Rule 3104 continues the practice under the Judgment Lien Law of 1947, 12 P. S. § 883 (repealed). See also Section 4303 of the Judicial Code, 42 Pa.C.S. § 4303.

   [The provisions of the Allegheny County Court Act of May 5, 1911, P. L. 198, as amended providing that county court judgments shall not constitute liens on real property and providing for transfer to the common pleas remain unsuspended by these rules.]

   The praecipe for the writ of execution contains a direction to the prothonotary to enter the writ in the judgment index. See Rule 3251.

   (2)  A lien created or continued solely by the entry of a writ of execution in the judgment index shall continue for a period of five years from the date the writ was entered.

   Official Note:  The lien of a writ of execution is not subject to revival under Rule 3025 et seq. governing revival of the lien of a judgment.

   (b)  [When a writ is received by the sheriff of another county, it shall be his duty to] Upon receiving a writ from another county, the sheriff shall deliver it to the prothonotary of his or her county who shall thereupon [index] enter it in the judgment index and return it to the sheriff for execution. Such [indexing] entry shall have the same effect as the [indexing] entry of a judgment against the defendant. [If the plaintiff so directs, the sheriff may levy or attach under the writ before he delivers it to the prothonotary for indexing.]

   (c)  When the writ directs attachment of real property of the defendant in the name of a garnishee, the prothonotary of the county in which the writ is to be executed, upon praecipe of the plaintiff so directing and describing the real property in that county, shall [index] enter the writ against the garnishee in the judgment index as a lis pendens. [Indexing] Entry against the garnishee shall constitute a lis pendens against the described property only in the county where the writ is [indexed] entered and not against any other property of the garnishee.

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